- ACBD5 and VAPB mediate peroxisome–ER contacts
Costello et al. identify ACBD5 and VAPB as key components of a peroxisome–ER tether in mammalian cells. Disruption of this tethering complex leads to reduced peroxisomal membrane expansion and increased peroxisomal movement.
- Lipid trafficking via ER–peroxisome contact site
Peroxisomes and the ER exchange lipids for various metabolic and anabolic reactions. In this study, Hua et al. show that the interaction between the ER-resident VAPs with the peroxisomal protein ACBD5 tethers peroxisomes to the ER. This tether is required for the exchange of lipids, including cholesterol, between the two organelles.
- A STRIPAK complex regulates axonal transport
The regulation of cargo transport within neurons is not well understood. Neisch et al. use Drosophila genetics to identify a multiprotein STRIPAK complex required for autophagosome and dense core vesicle transport in neurons. PP2A activity within the complex is necessary for transport.
- DGCR8 is required to exit pluripotency
DGCR8 is essential for mouse early development and microRNA biogenesis. Cirera-Salinas et al. report a new noncanonical function of DGCR8 essential for the exit from pluripotency of mouse embryonic stem cells.
- Ferroptosis-like cell death in plants
Distéfano et al. show that an iron-dependent, oxidative cell death process with biochemical and morphological similarities to ferroptosis, as described in mammalian cells, has a physiological role in plants, regulating plant cell death in response to heat stress.
- FKB-6 in meiotic chromosome pairing and synapsis
Dynein-mediated movement of microtubules is required for chromosome movement; its absence leads to aberrant segregation. Alleva et al. show that FKB-6, a cochaperone of Hsp-90, is required for proper chromosome movement through down-regulation of resting time between movements.
- Molecular basis of receptor-mediated transcytosis
Transcytosis plays an important role in establishing cell polarity and in mediating transport of large cargo across epithelial barriers, but its molecular basis is unclear. Nelms et al. present a new dataset of genes involved in receptor-mediated transcytosis and show that the apical and basolateral recycling and transcytotic pathways are genetically separable.